Who are Indigenous Peoples?

Who are Indigenous Peoples?



It is estimated that there are more than 370 million indigenous peoplespread across 70 countries worldwide. Practicing unique traditions, they retain social, cultural, economic and political characteristics that are distinct from those of the dominant societies in which they live. Spread across the world from the Arctic to the South Pacific, they are the descendants – according to a common definition – of those who inhabited a country or a geographical region at the time when people of different cultures or ethnic origins arrived. The new arrivals later became dominant through conquest, occupation, settlement or other means.
Treat this earth well: it is not a present from your parents, it is on loan to your children. The people who enrich their minds are those who keep their history on the leaves of memory. Not to be aware of the past is to be eternally a child, but for those of us who forget the past will be condemned to repeat it.”

Iroquois Shuffle

Rediscovering What Has Always Been There

Where It All Began

I want to recognize the following people, because they have written,
thanking me for honoring their grandparents and other relatives at this site:

Joseph Amante y Zapata
Grand-nephew of Emiliano Zapata

Tamara Garcia
Marcia Olafson, Mr. Montano
Descendants of Geronimo, Apache Chief

Paul A LaForte
Descendant of Chief Wolf Robe

Kelly Mungary
Great-grandson of Victorio, Apache Chief

Sherline Colbert
Great-great-great-great grandaughter of Chief Joseph

Greg Roy
Great-great-great grandson of Pontiac, Ottawa Chief

Gigi Porter & Lindsey Huston (Nivy)
Descendants of Quanah Parker, Comanche Chief

Greg McGaa, Hakikte Narjin Jordan (Sicanju)
Mary Truslow , & Jean Sill

Great-great-grandchildren of Red Cloud, Lakota Chief

Debra M. , P. Reskool,
Roylene Rides at the Door-Waln,
Mike McQueen, Marion D. Wardrick,
Brigette Watts, & Kim M. Rarig

Great-great-grandchildren of Sitting Bull, Lakota Chief

Gilbert Walking Bull
Descendant of Crazy Horse

Stacey Low Dog-Scares Hawk,
Great-great-granddaughter of Chief Low Dog

Michael B. Davis, Joseph Brown Thunder
Great-great grandsons of American Horse, Lakota Chief

Native Peoples E-mail Contact List

Oochigeas the Heroine

Dear Mr. Welker,

The Multimedia Development Lab is a student run web site design class at Boston University. Every semester the MDL creates a web page for a non-profit organization, this semester we are creating a site called the Ooch, after Oochigeas the heroin you wrote about on your site. The Ooch is a site for children with cancer to participate with on the web. MDL felt that the story of Oochigeas is the most inspirational story for us to use on our site.

MDL is in the process of creating a protype for our client. In an attempt to educate our client and our future users about the Oochigeas story, we intend to use your story as a REFERENCE. Although we will be changing the story considerably, MDL wanted to make you aware of our intentions.

Thank you for your time in this matter.

MDL Pages related to this story for children:

Pain Of the Past
by: Lousie Morton

Possible Cure for Cancer:

Polk Weed Salad


Red Clover Blossom Tea

Take 20 red clover blossoms, boil them in a quart of
water for 5 minutes. Let stand for twenty-fours.

Dosage – 1 tablespoon 4 times a day.

Contact: W. Roger Lee
1776 South Columbia Place
Apartment A12
Decatur, GA 30032

The following pages were created upon request, and in return I dedicate
the majority of this web site to these special people. For it is
because of them who make these home pages very meaningful!

A Coyote’s Tales [Native American/Indian]
(Bill McCarron)

African Literature & Art
(Yunnus Rafiki and Lesikar ole Ngila)

Coyote and the Another One [Native American/Indian]
(Charles White)

Four Directions Inc.
Longwalker (Ernie Peters)

Grandmother’s Creation Story [Native American/Indian]
(Muskeke Iskwew) (Sharron John, Creek)
[Medicine/Healing Woman]

Latuff’s Zapatista Menu [Mexican/Indian]

Lipan Apache [Native American/Indian]
(Daniel Castro Romero. Jr.)

Otavaleño Literature
[Dedicated to the People of Otavalo, Ecuador]
(Marcelo Farinango)

Indigenous Peoples of Taiwan [Asia]
(Rebecca C. Fan)

Chiapas Menu [Dedicated to the People of Chiapas]

Chinese Literature

Hawaiian Book of Days [Native American/Indian]
(Debra F. Sanders)

Taino People [Columbus/Caribbean]
(Roberto Mucaro Barrero)

Prescencia Taina
(Roger Atihuabancex)

Gaelic (Celtic) Peoples Literature [Europe]
(Keridwen S. McKenzie)

Kalash Literature

Latino Spectrum [Mexico/Latin America]
(Roberto Rodriguez & Patrisia Gonzales)

Sun Child [Native American/Indian]
(Ed & Megan Berwick)

Latvia/Livonia Peoples Literature [Europe]
(Uldis Balodis)

Tai Chi

Tarahumara of Chihuahua [Mexico]
(Victor M. Mendoza)

Tibetan Literature

Tracing Five Generations of a Blackfoot Family
(Hugh Welch)

Walking Back the Cat [Native American/Indian]
(Larry Hill)


A special thanks goes to my good friend, Zamata, who has created very
beautiful web sites for the Indigenous Peoples of Latin America, and has
also helped me immensely with the design of my sites.

Please view these outstanding pages at:

Andean Folklore and Culture
Likewise, please visit this gorgeous web site,
featuring original artwork of many
famous Indian chiefs, such as:

Geronimo, Chief Joseph, and Sitting Bull :

GeronimoChief JosephSitting Bull

Best Pages at This Site

Aborigines of Australia
Crazy Horse
Frontera de la Palabra
Chief Joseph
Leaders & Chiefs
MCLR Home Page
Mother Earth Prayers
Native Art
Origin Stories
Rigoberta Menchu
Nez Perce
Ode to Chiapas
Red Cloud
Chief Seattle
Sitting Bull
Standing Bear
Stories (Misc.)

The following two pages will show a complete listing of all files available:

Sorted by Graphics
Sorted by Home Page

What’s Unique

“A People who have a past, have a history and culture.
A Culture with history will never die.
Conquered, maybe – forgotten, NEVER!”

1/01/07: Tibetan Literature
6/01/06: Yuanji
3/01/06: Tai Chi
1/01/06: Chinese Literature
1/01/05: Korean Literature
6/09/04: Legends of the Columbia
1/01/04: Japanese Literature
1/01/03: IPL Videos
1/01/02: Hawaiian Literature
9/01/01: Mexican Geneology
8/20/01: Native American Books
8/15/01: African Literature and Art
7/15/01: Spirituality & Literature
6/15/01: Indigenous Art Gallery
5/15/01: Atihiubancex (Mountain Wind Group)
4/15/01: Links to Many Resources
4/01/01: New IPL Current News Mailing List
3/15/01: New IPL Racism Mailing List
2/15/01: New IPL Issues Mailing List
1/15/01: New IPL Literature Mailing List
9/25/00: New Poetry
9/25/00: New Stories
9/25/00: Leonard Peltier Links
9/25/00: Additional Postings
9/25/00: Virtual Art Museum (Chiapas)
6/05/00: Four Directions
6/03/00: New Artwork by Latuff (Trial by Cartoon)
6/01/00: The Voice of the Taino People (Newsletters)
5/23/00: Poetry in German
5/23/00: Famous Quotes in French
5/10/00: Famous Quotes in German
1/06/00: Search Our Site
12/01/99: Native American Screen Savers: Trail of Tears, Spirits of the Wind 1, Spirits of the Wind 2
11/20/99: New Poetry (from our mailing list contributors)
09/20/99: Indigenous Peoples Literature Mailing List (Lastest articles and information)
09/16/99: Assault on the Kalash People
(Contributed by: Mr. Sher Malik, Indigenous Peoples Survival Foundation)

08/04/99: Zapatista Screen Saver
07/10/99: Grandmother Spider Steals the Fire (Choctaw – Contributed by: Three Feathers)
07/10/99: Hitchiti-Mikasuki Creation Story (Taino – Contributed by: Adonaset)
07/02/99: Timucua Creation Legend (Taino – Contributed by: Adonaset)
06/07/99: Palabra Conjurada (New book of literature from Chiapas, Mexico)
04/06/99: Sacred Nature of Thought by Harry D.
04/06/99: Origin of the Crow by Jack Powell
04/06/99: Origin of Chicago (Place of the Skunk) by Jack Powell
03/25/99: Wolf and Native Art Web Rings
03/05/99: Indigenous Peoples Web Rings
03/03/99: Second Congress of Indigenous Literatures of the Americas
02/15/99: The Sacred Seven Prayers (Translated by: Ana Lucia Vieira Santos)
02/10/99: The Sacred Seven Prayers (By: Noel Knockwood, Elder)
02/03/99: Little Turtle (Famous Miami Chief)
01/28/99: New Poetry
01/28/99: Portugal Page (Translated by: Ana Lucia Vieira Santos)
01/27/99: More Famous Quotes (Translated by: Ana Lucia Vieira Santos)

01/12/99: Quotes by Chief Joseph (Translated by: Ana Lucia Vieira Santos)
01/07/99: Indigenous Music (The Americas)
01/05/99: Big Bear (Famous Cree Chief)
01/03/99: Purépecha Literature (Mexico)

01/02/99: Indigenous Languages (The World)
11/19/98: Persian Literature (by: Dr. Seyed Ghahari)
11/19/98: Arabic Literature (by: Dr. El Sayed Hafez )
11/10/98: Native American Art Gallery
11/03/98: Black Elk Speaks [In Italiano]     (Translated by: Giovanna Galvani)

11/03/98: Cherokee Literature [In Italiano] (Translated by: Giovanna Galvani)
10/29/98: Tehuelches of Argentina (Compiled by: Joe Goldfus)
10/21/98: Indigenous Peoples of South America
10/20/98: Indigenous Peoples Literature (Translated by: Giovanna Galvani)
09/21/98: Native American Geneology Links (Other Links)
09/16/98: Microsoft – Surfalot’s Picks of the Web
07/27/98: Honor and Respect for Our Elders
07/23/98: Stereotypes/Racism
07/15/98: Coyote Stories
07/01/98: The United Confederation Of Taino People
06/28/98: Frontera de la Palabra
05/12/98: Indigenous Peoples Literature in Denmark by: Nick Lisberg
05/10/98: Original Drawing of Sitting Bullby Latuff

05/10/98: Original Zapatista Artwork – Colorby Latuff
05/10/98: Original Zapatista Artwork – Black & Whiteby Latuff 04/30/98: El Poema de Chiapas
04/25/98: Faces of Chiapas [Mexico/Indian]
04/22/98: Protest Letters [Mexico/Indian]
04/08/98: Grandmother’s Creation Story [Native American/Indian]
03/21/98: Tribute to Native Americans [Native American/Indian]
03/21/98: Chiapas Menu 2 [Mexico/Latin America]
03/20/98: Literature Menu – Text Version [World]
03/15/98: Running With The Buffalo [Native American/Indian]
03/14/98: Buffalo Help Heal the Spirit [Native American/Indian]
03/14/98: Native Youth Councils [Native American/Indian]
03/13/98: Stereotypes: Gringos vs Latinos [Latin America]
03/13/98: Literature Menu – Page 2 [World]
03/06/98: First Congress of Indigenous Literatures of the Americas
03/04/98: Indigenous Peoples Literature – Spanish [En Español]
03/04/98: Indigenous Peoples Literature – Portuguese [Em Portugués]
03/04/98: Indigenous Peoples Literature – German [Auf Deutsch]
03/04/98: Indigenous Peoples Literature – French [En Francais]
02/04/98: In Memory of Alfonso Ortiz [Native American/Indian]
12/06/97: Indigenous/Native Peoples Internet Affairs Council [World]
11/09/97: Indigenous Greetings/Salutations [World]
11/04/97: Native Youth Literature/Books [Native American/Indian]
10/27/97: Taino Resource List [Columbus/Caribbean]
10/26/97: Proud Taino “WARRIOR MAN” [Columbus/Caribbean]
10/22/97: What Is the Definition of a True Native American (Native American/Indian)
10/15/97: Prayer of the Night Chant (Native American/Indian)
07/27/97: Yax Te’/Maya Educational Foundation [Central America/Mexico]
07/27/97: Sculpted Stones [Central America/Mexico]
07/19/97: Internet Awards
07/19/97: Educational Awards
07/19/97: Additional Awards
07/16/97: Homage to Mildred I. Cleghorn [Native American/Indian]
07/16/97: Treaty Between Texas and the Lipan Indians [Native American/Indian]
07/16/97: Tehuacana Creek Treaty [Native American/Indian]
07/12/97: Ecuador Inkas (Ecuador)[Latin America]
07/07/97: Indigenous Peoples of Taiwan [Asia]
06/17/97: Otavaleño Literature (Ecuador)[Latin America]
06/17/97: South America [Native American/Indian]
06/17/97: The Americas [Native American/Indian]
05/29/97: He-Dog [Native American/Indian]
05/29/97: Low-Dog [Native American/Indian]
05/29/97: Big Bear [Native American/Indian]
05/14/97: Respect – The Key To Life [Native American/Indian]
05/14/97: When The Web Was Young [Native American/Indian]
03/30/97: A Coyote’s Tales [Native American/Indian]
03/30/97: Fish Dog Skin [Native American/Indian]
03/30/97: Kip a ta ki (Old Woman) [Native American/Indian]
03/30/97: Tracing Five Generations of a Blackfoot Family [Native American/Indian]
03/27/97: How the Blackfoot got the Buffalo Jump (Piskun) [Native American/Indian]
02/19/97: El Tarahumara Son Sobrevivientes [Mexico]
02/19/97: Los indios de Tarahumara y la competencia cien millas [Mexico]
02/19/97: Gente De Tarahumara [Mexico]
02/19/97: Gente indígena de Méjico [Mexico]
02/19/97: El nacimiento de un movimiento [Mexico]
02/19/97: Las Mujeres Indígenas Están siendo marginadas [Mexico]
02/07/97: References/Awards [Native American/Indian]
02/07/97: Documentation [Native American/Indian]
01/17/97: Rediscovering What Has Always Been There [Native American/Indian]
12/15/96: Native American Stories [Native American/Indian]
12/15/96: Mexican Stories [Mexico]
12/15/96: Latin American Stories [Latin America]
12/15/96: Ancient Peoples of Europe (Romani/Gypsies) [Europe]
12/14/96: Millenniums and other Beginnings [Native/Latin America]
12/14/96: (Barbed) Wired for Controversy [Native/Latin America]
12/14/96: Defying the Census [Native/Latin America]
12/14/96: A Woman Warrior Recalls the Birth of a Movement [Native/Latin America]
11/22/96: Zapatistas Inspire Grassroots Leadership Worldwide [Chiapas/Mexico]
11/22/96: Millenium of the Chile [Latin America]
11/22/96: Husband and Wife Team Heal the Spirit [Latin America]
11/21/96: Latino Spectrum [Mexico/Latin America]
11/21/96: North High Redskins Mascot [Native American/Indian]
11/21/96: Indian Logo Themes [Native American/Indian]
11/20/96: Tarahumara of Chihuahua [Mexico]
11/05/96: Sun Child [Native American/Indian]
10/30/96: Lipan Apache [Native American/Indian
10/30/96: Lipan Apache Songs [Native American/Indian]
10/03/96: Walking Back the Cat [Native American/Indian]
09/30/96: Man and the Ravens [Native American/Indian]
09/30/96: Coyote and the Another One [Native American/Indian]
09/09/96: Winter When the Stars Fell [Native American/Indian]
09/07/96: Indians and Mestizos in the Americas [Latin America]
09/07/96: Running for Peace and Dignity [Mexico]
09/07/96: Latino Children Wonder About Their Future [Latin America]
09/06/96: Garbage People [Mexico]
09/06/96: Indigenous Women [Latin America]
09/06/96: Lost In Mexico [Mexico]
09/06/96: Mexico Honors Indians of the Past? [Mexico]
09/06/96: Seeing More than Black and White [Latin America]
08/14/96: Death of Hero Recalls Anti-Discrimination Struggles [Mexico]
08/13/96: Why We Must March [Latin America]
08/13/96: Yaqui Literature [Mexico]
08/13/96: Mexico’s Indigenous Peoples United by Shared History [Mexico]
08/12/96: Fields of Dreams [Latin America]
08/06/96: Latvia/Livonia Peoples Literature [Europe]
08/05/96: Gaelic (Celtic) Peoples Literature [Europe]
07/01/96: How a Piegan Warrior Found the First Horse [Native American/Indian]
07/01/96: Lame Warrior and the Skeleton [Native American/Indian]
06/13/96: Taino People [Columbus/Caribbean] 


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